1. With Freedom from Fear, Responsibility to Act
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2. Frederick Douglass, “A Plea for Freedom of Speech in Boston” (speech, Boston, MA, 1860), in Frederick Douglas Papers. Series One: Speeches, Debates, and Interviews Volume: 1855–1863 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992).

3. Duggan, Maeve, “Online Harassment 2017,” Pew Research Center, July 11, 2017,

4. Michals, Debra, PhD, “Anne Hutchinson,” National Women’s History Museum, 2015,

5. Brooks, Rebecca Beatrice, “Who Was Anne Hutchinson?” History of Massachusetts Blog, January 26, 2015,

6. Ibid.

7. Solly, Meilan, “Why Religious Freedom and Diversity Flourished in Early America,”, July 14, 2017, www.smithsonianmag .com/smithsonian-institution/why-religious-freedom-diversity -flourished-early-america-180964060/.

8. Rosenberg, Paul, “Religious Freedom: It’s a Core American Principle, and It Doesn’t Mean What Right-Wingers Want It to Mean,” Salon, January 17, 2017,

9. Izadi, Elahe, “Thomas Jefferson and the Fascinating History of Founding Fathers Defending Muslim Rights,” Washington Post, February 3, 2016,

10. “Jefferson’s Gravestone,”, Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia, accessed November 3, 2017.

11. Zoll, Rachel, “White Christians Are Now a Minority of the U.S. Population, Survey Says,” PBS NewsHour, September 6, 2017,

12. Colby, Sandra L. and Jennifer M. Ortman, “Projections of the Size and Composition of the U.S. Population: 2014 to 2060,” Current Population Reports, U.S. Census Bureau, March 2015,

13. “Hate Groups Increase for Second Consecutive Year as Trump Electrifies Radical Right,” Southern Poverty Law Center, February 15, 2017,

14. Bias Motivation, “2015 Hate Crime Statistics: Incidents, Offenses, Victims, and Known Offenders,” U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation: Criminal Justice Information Services Division,; Bias Motivation, “2014 Hate Crime Statistics: Incidents, Offenses, Victims, and Known Offenders,” U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation: Criminal Justice Information Services Division,

15. “America’s Women and the Wage Gap,” National Partnership for Women & Families, April 2017,

16. Krebs, Christopher, Christine Lindquist, Marcus Berzofsky, Bonnie Shook-Sa, Kimberly Peterson, Michael Planty, Lynn Langton, and Jessica Stroop, “Campus Climate Survey Validation Study Final Technical Report,” Bureau of Justice Statistics Research and Development Series, January 2016,

17. Lampen, Claire, “The Next Time Someone Tells You Sexism Is Over, Show Them These Statistics,” Mic, February 16, 2017,

18. Mullainathan, Sendhil, “Racial Bias, Even When We Have Good Intentions,” New York Times, January 3, 2015,

19. Ibid.; Woods, Janee, “Let’s Be Honest, We Can’t Be Colorblind Because America Is Not Post-Racial,” Quartz, September 2, 2014,

20. Nellis, Ashley, PhD, “The Color of Justice: Racial and Ethnic Disparity in State Prisons,” The Sentencing Project, 2016,

21. Thoreson, Ryan, “Toxic Homophobia Still Festers in America’s Schools,” Human Rights Watch, originally published in The Advocate, December 16, 2016,

22. “Know Your Rights: Transgender People and the Law,” American Civil Liberties Union, accessed December 14, 2017,

23. Grant, Jaime M., Lisa A. Mottet, JD, and Justin Tanis, DMin, with Jack Harrison, Jody L. Herman, PhD, and Mara Keisling, “Injustice at Every Turn: A Report of the National Transgender Discrimination Survey,” National Center for Transgender Equality and National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, 2011,

24. Lorde, Audre, “Our Difference Is Our Strength,” in Identity Politics in the Women’s Movement, ed. Barbara Ryan (New York: NYU Press, 2001).

25. King, Martin Luther, “Letter from a Birmingham Jail [King, Jr.],” African Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, April 16, 1963,

26. Baldwin, James. “Down At The Cross,” in The Fire Next Time (New York: Vintage Books, 1991), 104.

27. Bomey, Nathan, Brent Snavely, and Alisa Priddle, “Detroit Becomes Largest U.S. City to Enter Bankruptcy,” USA Today, December 3, 2013,

28. Davey, Monica, “Detroit Is Out of Bankruptcy, but Not Out of the Woods,” New York Times, December 10, 2014,

29. Tribune Media Wire, “Detroit Is No. 1 and Flint 3rd on List of the 10 Worst U.S. Cities to Live in,” Fox17 News, June 18, 2017,; Violet Ikonomova, “Gilbert’s Bedrock Says It Will Create ‘Affordable’ Housing in Downtown Detroit. Here’s What That Actually Means,” Detroit Metro Times, July 13, 2017,

30. Blavity Team, “These Are the Most Segregated Cities in America,” Blavity, July 2017,

31. Walker, Darren, “Work in Detroit Doesn’t End with Grand Bargain,” Detroit Free Press, November 9, 2014,

32. Walker, Darren, “Toward a New Gospel of Wealth,” Ford Foundation Equals Change Blog, October 1, 2015,

33. The editors, “Martin Luther King Jr.’s ‘Letter from Birmingham Jail,’” The Atlantic, April 16, 2013, originally published as “The Negro Is Your Brother,” The Atlantic, August 1963,

34. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Press Conference no. 702, Washington, DC, December 17, 1940, FDR Library,

35. “Honduras: The Deadliest Country in the World for Environmental Activism,” Global Witness, January 31, 2017,

36. Frail, T.A. “The Injustice of Japanese-American Internment Camps Resonates Strongly to This Day,” Smithsonian Magazine, January 2017,

37. The Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Personal Justice Denied: Report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997).

38. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, “Martin Niemöller: Biography,” Holocaust Encyclopedia, accessed November 2, 2017,

39. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, “Martin Niemöller: ‘First They Came for the Socialists,” Holocaust Encyclopedia, accessed November 2, 2017,