The Graduation Approach has had a complex evolution in Ethiopia. A small NGO pilot (with significant adaptations from the “classic” Graduation model) was implemented in northern Tigray province from 2010 until 2012.
Based on the positive results of the pilot, in 2015 the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) undertook to expand the core principles and practices into a large-scale expansion as part of Ethiopia’s national food security. The GoE had included elements similar to the Approach in its social protection programming previously, but in 2015 shifted thinking regarding the model itself, particularly concerning the asset transfer component. Up to 10 million Ethiopians will be eligible for elements of the Graduation Approach between 2016 and 2020, with the poorest 30 percent specifically designated to receive asset transfers.
In this sense, the large-scale integration of the Graduation Approach into Ethiopia’s social protection programming is a major success story, but also an important test case as to how the model evolved in accordance with local conditions and needs in a large and diverse country.
This case study of the Graduation Approach in Ethiopia provides lessons that underlie its success as well as insights into the expansion of the model in other contexts.
Download the full report here.